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消防管道抗震支架布置规范及设置间距

伟德国际官方app下载:鑫佳通抗震 编辑:抗震支架小编 伟德国际1946:2018-08-10 14:23:37 浏览次数:3729
[导读]:消防管道抗震支架安装侧向支撑又安装纵向支撑,其作用原理是在管道质心水平面上形成互成90°的4个方向上的支撑,水平地震力从任意方向作用,管道均受到保护。成90°安装的两个刚性支撑,因其同时具有抗拉压能力,所以能对管道作水平方向的保护;对柔性支撑,则须做水平面上互成90°的4个支撑。因此,抗震支吊架对斜撑、吊杆的性能有更加严格的要求。

根据《中华人民共和国建筑法》和《中华人民共和国防震减灾法》,实行以"预防为主"的方针,经抗震加固后的建筑给水排水、消防、供暖、通风、空调、燃气、热力、电力、通讯等机电工程设施,当遭遇到本地区抗震设防烈度的地震发生时,可以达到减轻地震破坏,减少和尽可能防止次生灾害的发生,从而达到减少人员伤亡及财产损失的目的。机电抗震支架系统是限制附属机电工程设施产生位移,控制设施振动,并将荷载传递至承载结构上的各类组件或装置。2015年住房城乡建设部发布国家标准《建筑机电工程抗震设计规范》公告:批准《建筑机电工程抗震设计规范》为国家标准,编号为:GB 50981-2014,自2015年8月1日期实施。

消防管道抗震支架安装侧向支撑又安装纵向支撑,其作用原理是在管道质心水平面上形成互成90°的4个方向上的支撑,水平地震力从任意方向作用,管道均受到保护。成90°安装的两个刚性支撑,因其同时具有抗拉压能力,所以能对管道作水平方向的保护;对柔性支撑,则须做水平面上互成90°的4个支撑。因此,抗震支吊架对斜撑、吊杆的性能有更加严格的要求。

消防管道抗震支架使用过程中怎么布置抗震节点:

1、其每段水平直管道应在两端设置侧向抗震支吊架。

2、其每段水平直管道应该至少设置一个纵向抗震支吊架。

3、其抗震支架的斜撑和吊架的距离不能大于零点一米。

4、使用的所有该支架都应和结构主体能可靠连接,当管道穿越建筑沉降缝时就要能考虑不均匀沉降的相关影响。

5、对于沿墙铺设的管道当设有入墙的托架、支架且管咖能紧固管道四周的时候,可以作为一个侧向的抗震支撑进行使用。

6、当水平管道在安装相关柔性补偿器和伸缩节时,其两端应设置侧向和纵向的抗震支吊架抗震支吊架厂家。

7、如果水平管道通过垂直管道与地面设备进行连接时,其管道与设备之间就需要能够采用相关柔性连接,其水平管道距垂直管道零点六米的范围内也需要能够设置侧向支撑。

消防管道抗震支架设置的高度和间距:

消防管道抗震支架设置的高度和间距应符合设计要求和施工规范的要求。支架的尺寸和型式应根据现场实际情况确定,支架上孔眼应采用钻床进行开孔,严禁使用电、气焊进行开孔。支架上孔眼的孔径比所穿螺栓直径大1~2mm为宜;支架上飞边毛刺要及时打磨掉,其端头要进行倒角处理。

1、支架的样式:支架主要的样式有"门"型或“U”支架,也叫防晃支架(多用在DN100及以上的管径)、“L”型或“角尺”支架(多用在小管径及贴墙立管上)。

2、支架的间距:支架的最大间距是有规范的,这个你可以百度的,但实际安装时支架间距比规范要小,法兰连接、螺纹连接时的支架间距要比沟槽连接时大。以消防中最常见的沟槽为例:DN65~DN150的支架间距一般在4~4.5米左右(支架间距设置时跟梁的间跨有关,因支架经常贴梁边安装),DN25~DN50的支架间距一般在3~3.5米左右。

3、支架的选材:单根DN100、单根DN150的管道一般会选5#角钢或5#槽钢或6#槽钢;两根共用支架时会选8#或10#槽钢;三根管共用时会选10#或12#槽钢;DN50~DN80在喷淋中用量较小,DN65在消火栓中用量较多,一般按5#角钢考虑;DN25~DN40一般按3#或4#角钢考虑。

4、支架计算:支架计算时吊臂长度的确实是关键,所以要确定管道标高与楼板底标高(因消防管一般按贴梁底安装考虑,所以梁高很关键),一般地下室支架吊臂较长,楼层内稍短。

所以喷淋管支架大致估算:150 100 管按5#槽钢间距4.5米,“U”型支架,单个支架用材1.5米计,80 65 50 管按5#角钢间距4.5米,“U”型支架,单个支架用材1.5米计,40 32 25管按4#角钢间距3.5米,“L”型支架,单个支架用材1.2米

消防管道抗震支架系统由C型或U型槽钢(以下简称:槽钢)、槽钢底座、按钮式锁扣或“弹簧螺母+六角螺栓”、管卡或管束、连接件、锚栓等组成,连接件与按钮式锁扣或“弹簧螺母+六角螺栓”通过机械连接可以随意调节管道支架的尺寸、高度,并由锚栓与原有混凝土结构可靠连接。所有产品的零配件及型材在工厂内预制完成,根据现场尺寸装配,不允许在现场进行焊接。


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